First, let’s get familiar with the basic building blocks of the language.
Pomsky expressions describe the syntactical structure of a text. There are several kinds of expressions. The most important kind is the string:
This is an expression matching the text
test. Note that strings are always wrapped in quotes. This
is how we can distinguish strings from other kinds of expressions!
Multiple strings can be concatenated by writing them in succession:
This matches the text
foobar. Spaces between the strings are ignored, as are line breaks: Pomsky
is whitespace-insensitive. Whitespace is what we call all invisible characters, such as spaces and
line breaks. However, whitespace is only ignored outside of strings:
'spaces and this line break are not ignored!'
So far, the expressions have been very simple, but this will change in the following chapters. When writing more complex expressions, it can be important to explain what something is doing, so a reader can understand it. This is what comments are for:
# this is a comment # comments are ignored by Pomsky!
Comments start with a
# and go until the end of the line. Comments are ignored by Pomsky, they’re
meant only for you, the reader. You can add as much useful information in comments as you want!
We can use double quotes (
"") or single quotes (
'') for strings.
Most of the time it doesn’t matter which quotes you use, with a few exceptions:
Strings delimited with
'' can’t contain single quotes. To match the text
Spiders', use double quotes:
'' whenever a string contains double quotes. But what if a string
contains both? One possible solution is to concatenate multiple strings:
'The restaurant is called "Spiders' "'" '".'
Here are three strings, together matching the text
The restaurant is called "Spiders'".. If you
don’t like this approach, there is another solution: Double quoted strings allow escaping
with a backslash (
"The restaurant is called \"Spiders'\"."
A backslash escapes the next character, robbing it of its special meaning. This means
treated as a
" character, and not as the closing quote of the string. However, in double quoted
strings, backslashes must be escaped as well, so when matching a Windows file path like
C:\User\John Doe\Documents\Thesis.pdf, better use single quotes.